Determinants of preventable stroke-Ankara ACROSS stroke preventability study


Erkent I., TOPÇUOĞLU M. A. , SORGUN M. H. , BATUR ÇAĞLAYAN H. Z. , TOGAY IŞIKAY C., NAZLIEL B. , ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF STROKE & CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASES, cilt.29, sa.7, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

Background: Unhealthy lifestyle and inadequate control of vascular risk factors are the major contributors of stroke burden. Failure in achieving the target levels in control of these factors, not only designate missed opportunities contributing to the preventability of an incident stroke, but also set the post-stroke treatment goals in a case wise basis. In this study, we analyzed pre-event clinical features that play a role in stroke preventability, and determined the cumulative burden of risk factors that necessitate optimization following the ischemic insult. Methods: Information about the pre-stroke optimal control of seven major modifiable risk factors (Life's Simple 7: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, smoking, obesity, diet, and physical activity) was prospectively collected in ischemic stroke patients admitted to three tertiary academic centers in Ankara. Stroke preventability was evaluated by the overall number of factors requiring optimization with patients >= 4 risk factor conditions categorized as those suffering from a preventable stroke. Bivariate and multivariate analyzes were performed to uncover predictors of stroke preventability. Results: Among 787 patients, 386 (49.0%) had >= 4 risk factor conditions requiring optimization. Preventable stroke was more common in younger patients, and patients with small artery occlusion. Multivariate analyses taking into account the pre-stroke antithrombotic treatment regimen, have highlighted age (OR: 0.99, 95%CI 0.98-1.00), female gender (1.59, 95%CI 1.17-2.16), coronary artery disease (1.54, 95%CI 1.10-2.14), small artery occlusion (1.90, 95%CI 1.13-3.18), and cardioaortic embolism (0.53, 95%CI 0.35-0.82) as significant factors associated with preventability. Conclusions: Approximately half of the ischemic stroke patients have preventable stroke from the perspective of risk factor control. Extra care should be given to strategies directed to risk factor control and lifestyle interventions in certain high-risk groups for the prevention of future complications.