Evaluation of prehypertension and masked hypertension rate among clinically normotensive patients


Unsal S., Ozkara A., Albayrak T., Ozturk Y., Beysel S., Kucukler F. K.

CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPERTENSION, vol.38, no.2, pp.218-224, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/10641963.2015.1047951
  • Title of Journal : CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPERTENSION
  • Page Numbers: pp.218-224

Abstract

Background: The present cross-sectional study was aimed to identify pre-hypertension and masked hypertension rate in clinically normotensive adults in relation to socio-demographic, clinical and laboratory parameters. Methods: A total of 161 clinically normotensive adults with office blood pressure (OBP) <140/90 mmHg without medication were included in this single-center cross-sectional study. OBP, home BP (HBP) recordings and ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) were used to identify rates of true normotensives, true pre-hypertensives and masked hypertensives. Data on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were collected in each subject and evaluated with respect to true normotensive vs. pre-hypertensive patients with masked hypertension or true pre-hypertensive. Target organ damage (TOD) was evaluated in masked hypertensives based on laboratory investigation. Results: Masked hypertension was identified in 8.7% of clinically normotensives. Alcohol consumption was significantly more common in masked hypertension than in true pre-hypertension (28.6 vs. 0.0%, p = 0.020) with risk ratio of 2.7 (95% CI 1.7-4.4). Patients with true pre-hypertension and masked hypertension had significantly higher values for body mass index, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic OBP and HBP (p < 0.05 for each) compared to true normotensive subjects. ABPM revealed significantly higher values for day-time and night-time systolic and diastolic BP (p = 0.002 for night-time diastolic BP, p < 0.001 for others) in masked hypertension than true pre-hypertension. Conclusions: Given that the associations of pre-hypertension with TOD might be attributable to the high prevalence of insidious presentation of masked hypertension among pre-hypertensive individuals, ABPM seems helpful in early identification and management of masked hypertension in the pre-hypertensive population.