A TERRACOTTA MASK OF MITHRAS FOUND AT CAMIHOYUK-AVANOS, CAPPADOCIA PROVIDING NEW EVIDENCE ON THE MITHRAIC CULT AND RITUAL PRACTICES IN ANATOLIA


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Erol A. F. , Senyurt S. Y.

TUBA-AR-TURKISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY, vol.14, pp.87-106, 2011 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.22520/tubaar.2011.0008
  • Title of Journal : TUBA-AR-TURKISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.87-106

Abstract

This article focuses on a terracotta mask, which was recently recovered during Camihoyuk rescue excavations within the scope of a dam construction in Cappadocia, Anatolia. The available pieces of the mask matched each other perfectly making it possible to reconstruct the mask's figure to a great extent. The fact that the mask's facial features resemble to those of the Mithras' iconography, points to its association with the Mithras cult. The Mask and its association with Mithras and its usage in Mithraic ritual practises will be the main subject of this study. This article aims to contextualize the mask with its origins and functions, and also to set a date for it by comparing its stylistic features to iconographically similar materials.