The aim of this study was to investigate anti-inflammatory activity of the diethyl ether extract of Tanacetum balsamita L. subsp. (TB) and Helichrysum plicatum DC. subsp. (HP) in carrageenan-induced inflammation in rats. Lambda carrageenan (0.05 mL) was injected into the subplantar region of the right hind paw to induce inflammation. Control group and the reference group were administered isotonic saline solution and indomethacin, respectively. TB extract was injected in doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg kg(-1) in the groups TB-25, TB-50 and TB-100, respectively. HP-25 HP-50 and HP-100 groups were injected HP extract in doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg kg(-1). Before the injections and 3 h after the injections the volume of right hind-paw of rats was measured using a plethysmometer. TB and HP had anti-inflammatory effects matching to that of the reference agent at all doses. It was found that reduction in the inflammation was 95.21% with indomethacin, 51.93% with TB-25, 52.55% with TB-50, 61.51% with TB-100, 70.73% with HP-25, 73.15% with HP-50 and 82.90% with HP-100. Median effective dose (ED50) value of TB and HP were found to be 81.484 and 73.030 mg kg(-1), respectively. The results showed that Tanacetum balsamita L. subsp. and Helichrysum plicatum DC. subsp. had a significant anti-inflammatory activity.