Child's Nervous System, vol.37, no.6, pp.1895-1900, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.Purpose: We aimed to evaluate whether optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement by computed tomography (CT) can be a diagnostic criteria for the detection of ventriculoperitoneal shunt dysfunction among children whose fontanels are still open. Methods: Patients with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt who were currently showing clinical and radiological signs of acute hydrocephalus depending on the shunt dysfunction were included in this study. The study was designed to compare the preoperative and postoperative ONSDs of three groups of patients divided according to their ages: group 1, patients aged < 4 months; group 2, patients aged 4–18 months; and group 3, patients aged > 18 months. Results: We included 138 patients (mean age, 35.18 ± 51.01 months). Among the patients, 46.4% were females and 53.6% were males. ONSD measurements in the preoperative period were < 2.86 ± 0.59 in group 1, 3.93 ± 0.82 in group 2, and 5.40 ± 0.81 in group 3 and those in the postoperative period were 2.02 ± 0.38 in group 1, 2.72 ± 0.62 in group 2, and 3.64 ± 0.81 in group 3. Right, left, and mean ONSDs increased significantly in the three groups and were found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: ONSD measurement in CT has been evaluated as an appropriate finding that can be used especially in acute hydrocephalus, when clinical and radiological findings are not diagnostic.