The research sample has been created in order to investigate the prospective teachers' understanding of childhood by a total of 200 teacher candidates studying in their final year to be early childhood education teachers (N = 59), primary school teachers (N = 61), teachers for the intellectual disabilities (N = 41) and teachers for the visually impaired (N = 39) at Gazi University. It can be indicated that the opinions of prospective teachers of childhood are in a manner that reflects the literature of the periods of human development, approaches to children and childhood represents a prevailing thought of individuals who cannot think maturely and who are still under development. It was determined that teacher candidates emphasize the right to life and security regarding the children's rights. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.