The First And The Second "Nationalist Front"s: An Example of the Coalitions Established in the Aftermath of The Memorandum of 12 March 1971

Iliman A., DÖNMEZ C.

CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI, vol.11, no.21, pp.163-198, 2015 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 21
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.163-198
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


14 October 1973 elections which was held following the memorandum of 12 March 1971 launched the era of coalitions lasted until 12 September 1980, when the military coup was staged in Turkey. These coalitions as a special period in Turkish political history include the 1st and 2nd National Front Governments as well. In this unstable and turbulent political atmosphere, social tensions increased, anarchy and crime escalated particularly relying on students' movement. This situation brought many political murders, challenging election periods and dragged the country into total chaos. Nationalist Front Governments were formed by the parties under difficult circumstances for the sake of the country. However, those governments were criticized mainly by the Republican People's Party and various groups. They were attempted to collapse through unsuccessful non-political ways such as student demonstrations as well as strikes. In order to achieve this objective, some deputies of the Justice Party (AP) were persuaded to resign their party with an offer to a possible position as a minister in a negotiation held in Gunes Motel. In consequence of this negotiation the government of the 2nd Nationalist Front collapsed. In turkish political history this is the first time that a government had fall in consequence of an interpellation and the period of nationalist fronts ended.