TURKEY-JORDAN RELATIONS IN THE FACE OF MIDDLE EASTERN DEVELOPMENTS (1923-1980)


Demirtas B.

2nd International Conference on Education and Social Sciences (INTCESS), İstanbul, Türkiye, 2 - 04 Şubat 2015, ss.1191-1199 identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basıldığı Şehir: İstanbul
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1191-1199

Özet

After the Republic of Turkey was established, the friendly relations between Jordan and Turkey gained acceleration, especially when King Abdullah visited Ataturk. In both this visit and his later two visits, King Abdullah attracted attention owing to his intelligence and his acumen in perceiving international matters. When King Abdullah arrived in Turkey in May 1951, the friendship between the two countries rose to the highest degree. However, when he returned home two months later, he fell victim to an assassination. Then the king's older son Tallal replaced him on the post of kingship. Yet as the king renounced his throne because of his ill health, his young son Hussein took his place. The young king came to Turkey in 1954. Another indicator of the friendly relations between the two countries was the fact that President Celal Bayar went to Jordan on November 2nd 1955 as an invitee of King Hussein of Jordan. After Celal Bayar, who had stayed in Jordan until November 8th, returned to Turkey, King Hussein of Jordan came to Turkey on August 22nd 1957 in order to visit his father King Tallal, who had been receiving treatment in Istanbul, and to have talks regarding the Syrian events. In fact, in a meeting where King Faysal of Iraq, King Hussein of Jordan, President Celal Bayar and Prime Minister Adnan Menderes participated, it was discussed that Jordan could be admitted to the Baghdad Pact so that its security is ensured. On August 25th, Mr. Loy Henderson, the American Deputy Secretary of State and Director of the Middle East Board, had a meeting with King Hussein of Jordan. King Hussein's visits to Turkey were to continue in February 1958, May 1959 and April 1960. Lastly, on June 5th to 11th 1967, King Hussein made another visit to Turkey so as to receive the support of Turkey because of the Middle Eastern crisis.