Two Brass Censers in the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Art, Istanbul, in the Chronology of Turkish Metal Works


Tuncel G.

MILLI FOLKLOR, sa.89, ss.257-264, 2011 (AHCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 89
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Dergi Adı: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.257-264

Özet

Metal works, as an important branch of Turkish Art, shows a variety of forms and decoration. Censers, which are reach out to the era before the Islamic religion is an important group of them. It is known that communities used censers to embellish the scent of interiors at divine services. Those rituals and folkloric traditions continued also after the admission of the Islamic religion. Varieties of plates, which shows a diversity at is material, form, motif, composition and technical specialty, rose at the time of the Ottoman Empire. The research about brass plates at Turkish-Islamic Works Museum in Istanbul constitutes a part of this article. This article establishes the formal and decorative specialties of the censers in detail, and evaluates their importance in Turkish Art. Brass censers are shown up as a half globe with a cover and burning incense on it. These censers have a conical foot, widening as a circle to the base. These censers technique of production is "foundry". Their cover, burning incense and base were put together after they were produced. Their decoration was made in several techniques, like perforated, foundry, relief or scraping. But they are always seen at the cover of the censers. Plants, animals or sometimes just geometrical motifs are shown as decoration. And their decoration program was up to the development stage of the producing era.