Resective epilepsy surgery has been accepted as an effective treatment for patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) to control the seizures and to limit cognitive dysfunction. Complete resection of the epileptic zone, and therefore the success of the surgery, depends on the identification of the seizure focus. Reliable lateralizing semiologic signs, together with other presurgical assessments, are of great importance for an accurate identification of the seizure focus. In this respect, this study evaluated the frequency of semiologic signs in medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) together with the lateralizing values and variations according to the age and gender groups. Two hundred seventy-three seizures of 55 patients of the Adult Epilepsy Monitoring Unit of Gazi University Faculty of Medicine with the diagnosis of medically intractable TLE, whose epileptic foci were detected through noninvasive presurgical procedures and seizures were controlled successfully after anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL), were analyzed retrospectively. Seizure semiologies of the patients were evaluated in terms of lateralizing values, and it was inquired whether age/gender causes any variation. Versive head rotation, unilateral dystonic limb posturing, asymmetric tonic limb posturing, and the combination of unilateral hand automatisms and dystonic posturing were determined as the semiologic signs with the highest lateralizing values (90-100%). While hand automatisms were observed frequently in the group with early seizure-onset age (onset age <= 2), asymmetric tonic limb posturing was detected as more frequent in the group with later seizure-onset age (onset age > 2; p < .005). In addition to this, semiologic signs were noted to be different between male and female groups; psychic and autonomic auras and ictal emotional signs were associated with women (p < .005). (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.