Purpose: To report our results from a study of the endovascular treatment of flow restricting chronic atherosclerotic or catheter-induced segmental iliac artery dissections with bare stents. Material and Methods: Thirty symptomatic patients with 32 lesions, including chronic atherosclerotic (n=21) and catheter-induced (n=11) segmental arterial dissections, were treated with primary stenting. The common iliac artery was involved in 19 lesions and the external iliac artery in the remaining 13. Two patients had two lesions in the same vessel. Technical success was defined as restoration of the smooth contoured luminal patency with no more than 20% residual stenosis in diameter in atherosclerotic dissections associated with plaque formation or total obliteration of the false lumen in catheter-induced dissections. Complete relief of, or marked improvements in, presenting symptoms, or at least single category improvement, was assessed for clinical success. Results: Technical success rate was 100%. No procedure-related complications such as distal emboli or early occlusions were observed. Complete symptom relief was achieved in all patients with catheter-induced dissection and in all but three cases with chronic spontaneous atherosclerotic dissection. In two cases, occlusion of the stents occurred during the follow-up period. Clinical and radiological mean follow-up for 24 months (range 3-55) revealed patency of all other stented segments. Cumulative primary patency rate was 97% over 12 months and 90% over 24 months. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment of chronic atherosclerotic and catheter-induced short obstructive iliac arterial dissections with bare stents is safe and effective. Patency of the diseased arterial segment with a smooth lumen can be sustained for an extensive period. © 2005 Taylor & Francis.