Soil strength as affected by tillage system and wheel traffic in wheat-corn rotation in central Anatolia

Yavuzcan H. G. , Vatandas M., Gurhan R.

JOURNAL OF TERRAMECHANICS, vol.39, no.1, pp.23-34, 2002 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0022-4898(01)00004-0
  • Page Numbers: pp.23-34


This paper discusses the loading of a typical central Anatolian soil by the most commonly used corn and wheat production agricultural equipment. It further describes the effect that loading and soil conditions have on soil strength, namely compaction, and proposes techniques for minimizing undesired soil compaction. Experiments were carried out on a typical central Anatolian medium-textured imperfectly drained clay loam soil (Cambisol). Three different tillage methods and subsequently the same field operations were used for each rotation. Shear strength., penetration resistance, bulk density and moisture variations were detected in four sampling periods at each rotation. Tillage reduced the soil strength with the mouldboard plough causing the greatest loosening. However, natural processes and the vehicular traffic caused the soil to be re-compacted to about the same values as before. In any of the cases the obtained parameters did not exceed the critical values for plant growth except the penetration resistance in the 20-30 cm depth layer during corn production. (C) 2002 ISTVS.