Investigation of Contribution of Various Road pavements to Environmental Noise Level on Highways: Adana Example

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Bozkurt Z., SELEK Z.

JOURNAL OF POLYTECHNIC-POLITEKNIK DERGISI, vol.22, no.2, pp.415-429, 2019 (ESCI) identifier


In this study, the noise effects caused by roadway pavement were examined. The calculations made using the NMPB Routes 96 roadway noise estimation model were made in SoundPLAN 6.4 program, vehicle speed and traffic load were changed to create different scenarios. In the scenario, three different road coverings were evaluated and evaluated, including cobblestone paving (PTK), flat asphalt pavement (DAK) and porous asphalt pavement (GAK). For three different road coverage, in daytime-evening-night noise indicators as specified both in our country and the European Union legislation, and at noise levels of <55, 55-65, 65-75 and 75 dBA according to each other, housing. The study was conducted on three different boulevard routes in Adana province center. From the point of view of the exposed area, it has been found that the noise level of less than 55 dBA in all time periods has the lowest percentage of the total calculation area of PTK. In terms of population, noise levels of less than 55 dB A were found to be more exposed in the calculation areas than in the PTC for DAK and GAK coverage. When the residences below the noise level of 55 dBA were evaluated in the calculation areas, PTK was found to have a lower percentage in the daytime-evening-night time period than the other two roads. The areas exposed to extreme noise levels (> 75 dBA) and the exposed population were estimated and the number of sensitive structures (housing, hospitals, etc.) and the number of people exposed to this structure were determined. In addition, the data obtained in the study are mapped.