Gamma Ray-Induced Mıtotic Abnormalities ın Helianthus annuus L. Variety Ekiz 1


Mirici S. , Arslan O., Bal Ş., Venice N.

Helia, vol.24, no.35, pp.39-46, 2013 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 35
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Title of Journal : Helia
  • Page Numbers: pp.39-46

Abstract

In this study, mitotic effects of gamma rays on Ekiz 1 variety belonging to Helianthus annuus L. (2n= 34) in the M0 (first irradiated seeds), M1 and M2 generations have been investigated. Seeds (M0) were irradiated with gamma rays at 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 kR doses. Percentage of total abnormalities in the M0, M1 and M2 generations increased parallel to the increasing dose of radiation. These abnormalites have been observed as C-metaphase, chromosome stickiness, laggards and bridges with or without fragment. Mitotic index (M.I.) in the M0, M1 and M2 generations has decreased parallel to the dose increase. When the generations are compared, both the amounts of decrease in mitotic index and in the percentage of mitotic abnormalities were mostly observed in M0.