Late sequelae of retinopathy of prematurity in adolescence and adulthood


Ozdemir H. B. , ÖZDEK Ş.

SAUDI JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, vol.36, no.3, pp.270-277, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/sjopt.sjopt_276_21
  • Journal Name: SAUDI JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, EMBASE
  • Page Numbers: pp.270-277
  • Keywords: Adult retinopathy of prematurity, cicatricial retinopathy of prematurity, late sequelae, retinopathy of prematurity, LENS-SPARING VITRECTOMY, DIODE-LASER PHOTOCOAGULATION, ANGLE-CLOSURE GLAUCOMA, REGRESSED RETINOPATHY, THRESHOLD RETINOPATHY, RETINAL-DETACHMENT, VITREOUS HEMORRHAGE, TYPE-1 RETINOPATHY, BIRTH-WEIGHT, EXUDATIVE RETINOPATHY
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This article provides information about late complications of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), especially seen in adolescence and adulthood. The majority of ROP patients recover without complications and treatment, but severe ROP cases should be properly treated. Both prematurity itself and the treatment of ROP cause some changes in the anterior (refractive changes, cataract, and glaucoma) and posterior segments (tractional, rhegmatogenous and exudative retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, etc.,) of the eye and predispose to significant lifelong complications. Awareness of these late complications can minimize severe vision loss with proper follow-up and appropriate treatment. Therefore, life-long ophthalmological follow-up is mandatory in all prematures with the diagnosis of ROP.