This study examined the variables predicting the primary school students perceptions or school climate. A total of 683 students from Afyon, Gumushane. Kocaeli, Konya. Mersin, Van, and Yozgat were participated in the study. "School Climate Student Scale" and "School Atmosphere Scale" were used to gather data. Multiple hierarchical regression analysis indicated that girls were more likely to experience a positive school climate than boys. Supportive behaviors of teachers and school administrators, perceived quality of academic programs. and a strong sense of school belonging were positively associated with the perceptions of school climate. However, perceived school violence was negatively related to school climate. Suggestions for creating a positive school climate and learning environment were presented at the end of the study.