Numerical solution of fully developed heat transfer problem with constant wall temperature and application to isosceles triangle and parabolic ducts


APPLIED THERMAL ENGINEERING, vol.102, pp.115-124, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 102
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.03.129
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.115-124
  • Keywords: Constant wall temperature, Triangular ducts, Parabolic ducts, Fully developed flow, Constant wall temperature, Nusselt number, Poiseuille number, LAMINAR FORCED-CONVECTION, TRANSFER COEFFICIENT, PRESSURE-DROP, FLOW-THROUGH, NANOFLUIDS, PERFORMANCE, EQUATIONS, FRICTION, CHANNELS, NUMBER
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


In motor-vehicles the use of more compact radiators have several advantages such as; improving the aerodynamic form of cars, reducing the weight and volume of the cars, reducing the material consumption and environmental pollutions, and enabling faster increase of the engine coolant temperature after starting to run and thereby improving the thermal efficiency. For the design of efficient and compact radiators, the robust determination of the heat transfer coefficient becomes imperative. In this study the external heat transfer coefficient of the radiator has been investigated for hydrodynamically and thermally fully developed flows in channels with constant wall temperature. In such situation the numerical treatment of the problem results in a trivial solution. To find a non-trivial solution the problem is treated either as an eigenvalue problem or as a thermally developing flow problem. In this study a numerical solution procedure has been developed and the heat transfer coefficients of the fully developed flow in triangular and parabolic air channels were investigated. The governing equations were transformed to boundary fitted coordinates and numerically solved. The non-trivial solution was obtained by means of guessing the temperature of any grid point within the solution domain. The correction of the guessed temperature was performed via smoothing the temperature profile on a line passing through the mentioned grid point. Results were compared with literature data and found to be consistent. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.