COVID-19 anxiety and hygiene status in vocational schools of health services students in Turkey: A multicenter study


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Pirincci E., Arca M., Sen M. A. , Atici E., Varsak S., Yarasir E., ...More

Work, vol.69, no.4, pp.1143-1152, 2021 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3233/wor-205254
  • Journal Name: Work
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, Environment Index, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.1143-1152
  • Keywords: Behaviors, coronavirus, knowledge, psychological factors, university students, NONMEDICAL UNIVERSITY-STUDENTS, MEDICAL-STUDENTS, RESPIRATORY SYNDROME, DISORDER, KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© 2021 - IOS Press. All rights reserved.BACKGROUND: While the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic creates fear and anxiety on the students' academic achievement, the risk of an infectious disease may negatively affect education by reducing the concentration ability of students. Thus, it is essential to evaluate the knowledge, behaviors, anxiety levels, and hygiene status of students. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the knowledge, behavior change, anxiety, and hygiene status of university students about COVID-19. METHODS: The investigation was conducted with students of three vocational schools of health services located in different provinces of Turkey (n=1055). Data collected by an online survey consisted of knowledge questions about COVID-19, items about behavior change, the hygiene behavior scale (HBS), and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7) scale. RESULTS: The knowledge scores of women were significantly higher than the scores of men. Of the students, 59.6%showed positive hygiene behaviors, and 31.5%had anxiety. Female students' total HDC scale score was significantly lower than that of men, and the total HDC scale score of those who received hand hygiene education was significantly lower than that of participants who did not receive training, which shows a positive hygiene behavior. The total GAD-7 scale score of women was significantly higher than that of men. More than half of the students showed positive hygiene behaviors, and about a third had anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the study's results, psychological support and training should be provided to students.