The Floristical, Ecological, and Syntaxonomical Characteristics of Salt Marshes and Salt Steppes in Turkey

TUĞ G. N. , YAPRAK A. E. , Vural M.

SABKHA ECOSYSTEMS, VOL VI: ASIA/PACIFIC, vol.49, pp.413-446, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-030-04417-6_26
  • Page Numbers: pp.413-446


Even though saline land is thought to be poor for plant biodiversity, a total of 640 taxa from 56 families has been recorded (70 of which are endemic to Turkey) in salt marshes and salt steppes in Turkey. After reviewing phytosociological studies on salt marshes and salt steppes, there were 47 instances recorded from salt marshes and six instances recorded from salt steppes. The smaller number of cases from salt steppes is most likely the result of a lack of phytosociological studies on many inland salt steppes. These areas are under threat from, amongst others, overgrazing, exploitation of agricultural areas, construction of tourism complexes, and harvesting of plants for different purposes. Therefore, in certain areas, measures should be put in place to protect these areas with their valuable biodiversity, and flora communities should be re-evaluated in light of new scientific knowledge. Hereby the authors summarized current knowledge about halophytic plant species and phytosociological units in both coastal and inland halophytic areas of Turkey.