Comparison of attitudes towards breakfast by Turkish fourth graders living in Turkey and Germany

Unusan N., Sanlier N., Danisik H.

APPETITE, cilt.46, sa.3, ss.248-253, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 46 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.appet.2006.01.009
  • Dergi Adı: APPETITE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.248-253


The purpose of this article is to identify and compare Turkish fourth graders attitudes towards breakfast living in Turkey and Germany. A sample group of 882 Turkish students enrolled in fourth grade in Hamburg (Germany, N=422) and Konya (Turkey, N=460) were surveyed. Independent t-tests, chi(2) test and Pearson product-moment correlations were used. More students living in Turkey had breakfast and had enough time before going to school (P < 0.01). Students living in Turkey reported that eating breakfast affected them positively (P < 0.01). Students living in Germany reported that eating breakfast made them feel tired (P < 0.01). The consumption of breakfast cereal (P < 0.05) and fruit juice (P < 0.01) that had not been consumed widely in Turkey increased in Germany. Students who eat breakfast also eat lunch (r=0.296 and -0.236, P < 0.01, students living in Turkey and Turkish students living in Germany, respectively). Nutrition education programs in primary schools may change Student's attitudes about breakfast and offering a breakfast programme in schools may greatly improve breakfast consumption rates. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.