Comparison of MED 12 gene mutation and microRNA-124 expression in leiomyoma and myometrium of Turkish patients


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Demiroglu C., Karuserci O. K., Pence S., Pence H. H., Çaykara B., Sucu S., ...More

Ginekologia Polska, vol.93, no.4, pp.290-295, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 93 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.5603/gp.a2021.0102
  • Journal Name: Ginekologia Polska
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), EMBASE, Gender Studies Database, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.290-295
  • Keywords: anormal uterin bleeding, leiomyoma, MED 12, microRNA-124, recurrent pregnancy loss, UTERINE LEIOMYOMAS, CARCINOMA-CELLS, SUPPRESSES, PROLIFERATION, CANCER, SIGNATURE, INVASION, OSTEOSARCOMA, MACROPHAGES, MIGRATION
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© 2022. PTGiP. All Rights Reserved.Objectives: It is believed that there are still unclear areas in the formation mechanism of leiomyomas. In our study, it was aimed to investigate the formation mechanisms of leiomyomas due to local MED 12 gene exon 2 mutation and local microRNA-124 expression in a Turkish population. Material and methods: Thirty patients who underwent hysterectomy for leiomyoma uteri at Gaziantep University between January 2013 and January 2016 were included in our study. In the pathology specimens of these patients, the patient's myometrium tissue and her own leiomyoma tissue were analysed via quantitative Realtime PCR in association with MED 12 exon 2 mutation and microRNA-124 expression. Results: The average age of the 30 patients included in our study is 46.67 ± 5.42 and 13 patients had single leiomyoma; 17 patients had more than one leiomyoma. There were significantly higher c.130G>T (p.G44C) mutation and c.131G>A (p.G44A) mutation of MED 12 gene exon in leiomyoma tissues than healthy myometrium tissues of same patients. There was a 3.7-fold decrease in the expression of microRNA-124 in leiomyoma tissues compared to intact eutopic myometrium tissues, but this difference was not statistically significant. Conclusions: In recent studies, it has been suggested that MED 12 gene may play an active role in the formation of fibroids. MED12 and β-catenin / Wnt pathway were emphasized, and alternative genetic pathways are sought in fibroid formation. Also, tumour suppressor and oncogenesis effects of microRNAs have been demonstrated in many different studies. Since it is involved in the Wnt pathway, microRNA-124 has been blamed by some previous studies for the formation of fibroids. This study demonstrates that MED12 exon 2 mutations and probably microRNA-124 gene expressions might contribute to uterine leiomyoma pathology.