A case with mosaic partial duplication of 1q: Prenatal and postmortem clinical and cytogenetic evaluations: Partial trisomy 1q including different segments of the long arm is a rare cytogenetic anomaly. Especially the cases with mosaic proximal tandem duplication of 1q included a longer fragment are very rare. Cases who have partial 1q trisomy showed large phenotypic variation due to the differences in size of the duplicated segments of 1q. The clinical phenotype of most cases is characterized by multiple congenital anomalies especially including central nervous system and developmental delay. We describe a prenatally diagnosed case with mild cerebral ventriculomegaly and karyotype with mosaic pure trisomy of chromosome 1q [(46,XX/46,XX,dup(1)(q21qter)]. Phenotypic postmortem examination showed cranial asymmetry, flat and broad nasal bridge, anteverted nostrils, hypertelorism, retrognathia, abnormal pinnae, hypoplasic thumbs, long fingers and toes, mediodorsal curvature of the 4(th) and 5(th) toes and posterior prominence of the heel was observed. Autopsy confirmed the ventricutomegaly. Postmortem chromosome preparation from skin culture, cord blood and intracardiac blood confirmed the mosaic pure trisomy of chromosome 1q.