Postoperative intussusception (POI) is an uncommon cause of postoperative mechanical bowel obstruction in children. Four cases of POI during a period of 15 years (1987-2001) were analysed retrospectively. Symptoms developed after a median period of 2.5 days following the operation. All cases were succesfully treated with operative manual reduction. POI occurs after a wide variety of surgical procedures and is often difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are often obscure. As a conclusion, we state that reaching a diagnose requires a high index of suspicion.