Soccer causes degenerative changes in the cervical spine

Kartal A., Yildiran İ., Senkoylu A., KORKUSUZ F.

EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL, vol.13, no.1, pp.76-82, 2004 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00586-003-0623-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.76-82
  • Keywords: cervical spine, soccer, low-impact recurrent trauma, biomechanics, radiology, magnetic resonance, ISOMETRIC STRENGTH, MOTION, INJURIES, PLAYERS, RANGE, MUSCULATURE, RELIABILITY, EXTENSION, IMPACT, DEVICE


Background. Radiological changes and degeneration of the cervical spine have been previously described in soccer players. The onset of such changes was 10-20 years earlier than that of the normal population. The aim of this study was to assess these early degenerative changes in amateur active and veteran soccer players in a cross-sectional descriptive study using biomechanical, radiological, and magnetic resonance measures.