Purpose: Neurotrophic keratopathy (NK) is a degenerative disorder of the cornea characterized by decreased sensory innervation, epitheliopathy, and impaired epithelial healing. In this study, we assessed ocular pain and quality-of-life-related parameters in ocular graft-versus-host disease (oGVHD) patients with and without NK. Methods: We included 213 oGVHD patients in this retrospective study, including 29 patients with NK assessed by the Cochet-Bonnet esthesiometer. We evaluated their records for ocular pain assessment survey (OPAS) scores and clinical parameters, including corneal sensation, corneal fluorescein staining (CFS) score, Schirmer's test, tear break-up time (TBUT), and ocular surface disease index (OSDI) score. Results: oGVHD patients with NK had lower corneal sensation (3.4 ± 1.4 vs. 5.9 ± 0.3; p < 0.0001), higher CFS scores (6.4 ± 4.2 vs. 4.7 ± 4.0; p = 0.01), and lower TBUT scores (1.2 ± 2.1 vs. 2.2 ± 3.1; p = 0.08) compared to oGVHD patients without NK and additionally had significantly higher ocular pain intensity scores (OPAS 24-h average eye pain intensity: 2.0 ± 2.8 vs. 1.1 ± 1.9; p = 0.03). Patients with NK more commonly reported burning (0.2 ± 0.3 vs. 0.3 ± 0.4; p = 0.021) and sensitivity to light (0.2 ± 0.3 vs. 0.3 ± 0.4; p = 0.049) as compared to patients without NK. Conclusion: Clinical signs of ocular surface disease are worse in oGVHD patients with NK compared to oGVHD patients without NK. These patients additionally experience higher intensity ocular pain and lower quality-of-life-related parameters.