BEKTASHISM- ALEVISM IN GERMAN LITERATURE


Kocak M.

TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI, no.65, pp.237-250, 2013 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 65
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Title of Journal : TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI
  • Page Numbers: pp.237-250

Abstract

In this study, the research on Bektashism-Alawism. in German literature was discussed. Studies written in German from the beginning of the 20th century to these days were examined in chronological order. 21 relevant books found in Berlin and Hamburg city libraries (Germany) were also examined and some information was given about which matters related to Bektashism-Ala-wism were discussed in these books. As a result of the study in which descriptive method was used, it was found out that Bektashism and Alawism concepts were accepted as a whole and, the architectural styles of Bektashi monasteries in Anatolia were examined in detailed as well as their belief systems, rituals, humor and history. It was seen that in many studies, political aspects of Bektashism- Alawism were especially highlighted and Bektashi- Alawi community was shown to be pressured or suppressed permanently by the government and the society. Also, the fact that there was much research in German literature that considered Bektashism and Alawism as a separate religion and tried to associate them with Zoroastrianism and Christianity attracted attention. Confusion was found in these studies as to whether Bektashism and Alawism is a religion, a sect, a culture or a religious community and it was noticed there were different and conflicting descriptions of these concepts.