Creative Commons License

Elibol E. A., Turgut O.

THERMAL SCIENCE, vol.26, no.1, pp.553-565, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.2298/tsci201019063e
  • Journal Name: THERMAL SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.553-565
  • Keywords: plate-fin heat exchanger, offset stripfin, nanofluid, heat transfer, pressure drop, FLOW FRICTION CHARACTERISTICS, TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT, FORCED-CONVECTION, CONDUCTIVITY, CHANNELS, SINGLE, VISCOSITY, SURFACES
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The flow and heat transfer characteristics of the TiO2-water nanofluid assuming as a single-phase in the rectangular offset strip fin structure for different Reynolds number (500-1000) and TiO2 nanoparticle volume concentration values (0-4%) were investigated numerically under 3-D, steady-state, and laminar flow conditions. Simulations were also performed for 1% and 4% nanoparticle volume concentrations of Al2O3-water nanofluid, and the results were compared with those of TiO2-water nanofluid. Results show that when the TiO2-water nanofluid is used, the heat transfer rate, heat transfer coefficient, and Nusselt number increase with increasing both Reynolds number and nanoparticle volume concentration, and parallel to these, both pressure loss, and pumping power increase. Considering the values of the performance evaluation criteria number, it is clear that the use of TiO2-water nanofluid in offset strip fin structure at all Reynolds numbers examined between 1-4% volume concentration values is quite advantageous. It is observed that TiO2-water nanofluid is much superior to Al2O3-water considering the performance evaluation criteria number. When the Reynolds number is 1000 and the volume concentration value of the TiO2 nanoparticle is 4%, the performance evaluation criteria number value is found to be 1.19, that is, there is a 19% increase compared to water. It is considered that the results of this study can be used as important data on the design of automobile radiators, air-conditioning, and defense.