Effect of Tempol, a Membrane-Permeable Radical Scavenger, on Mesenteric Blood Flow and Organ Injury in a Murine Cecal Ligation and Puncture Model of Septic Shock


Yuksel B. C. , Serdar S. E. , Tuncel A., Uzum N., Ataoglu O., Atan A. , ...Daha Fazla

EUROPEAN SURGICAL RESEARCH, cilt.43, ss.219-227, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 43 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000225984
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN SURGICAL RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.219-227

Özet

Background: Interventions that reduce the generation or the effects of reactive oxygen species exert beneficial effects in a variety of models of septic shock. We investigated the effect of tempol, a low-molecular-weight membrane-permeable radical scavenger, on mesenteric blood flow and organ injury in a murine cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model of septic shock. Materials and Methods: Forty-four Swiss albino mice were anesthetized with chloral hydrate (400 mg/kg, i.p.) and subjected to CLP (except for the sham-operated animals). The animals were divided randomly into 4 groups: the 1st group was sham operated (sham-operated group, n = 10); the 2nd group underwent CLP and was injected with saline (CLP + saline group, n = 12); the 3rd group was sham operated and treated with tempol (10 mg/kg, i.p., sham-treated + tempol group, n = 10); the 4th group underwent CLP and was treated with tempol (10 mg/kg, i.p., CLP + tempol group, n = 12). Mesenteric arterial blood flow (MABF) was measured by Doppler ultrasound. Poly(adenosine 5'-di-phosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity was examined in the liver, lung, and kidneys. Results: In the CLP + saline group, the MABF was significantly lower than in the sham-operated group (p < 0.001). After tempol administration, MABF values significantly increased (p < 0.05). We observed significantly stronger PARP-positive staining in the lungs and kidney glomeruli in the CLP + saline group than in those of the sham-operated group (p(lung) = 0.0148, p(glomeruli) = 0.0025). A marked reduction in PARP activity was found in the lung and kidney glomeruli of the CLP + tempol group (p(lung) = 0.0026, p(glomeruli) = 0.0085). There was no significant effect of CLP on PARP activity in the liver and kidney tubuli (p(liver) > 0.05, p(tubuli) > 0.05). Conclusion: Tempol improved MABF in a CLP-induced septic shock model. Although tempol could not prevent the activation of PARP in the liver and kidney tubuli, it did attenuate PARP activation in the lung and kidney glomeruli. Copyright (C) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel