Experimental investigation of the effect of grading characteristics on the liquefaction resistance of various graded sands

Yılmaz Y., Mollamahmutoglu M., Ozaydin V., Kayabali K.

Engineering Geology, vol.100, pp.91-100, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 100
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2007.12.002
  • Journal Name: Engineering Geology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.91-100
  • Keywords: Liquefaction resistance, Coefficient of uniformity, Coefficient of curvature, Cyclic triaxial test, Grading characteristics, MEMBRANE PENETRATION, TESTS
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The liquefaction susceptibility of various graded fine to medium saturated sands are evaluated by stress controlled cyclic triaxial laboratory tests. Cyclic triaxial tests are performed on reconstituted specimens having global relative density of 60%. In all cyclic triaxial tests; loading pattern is selected as a sinusoidal wave form with 1.0 Hz frequency, and effective consolidation pressure is chosen to be 100 kPa. Liquefaction resistance is defined as the required cyclic stress ratio which caused initial liquefaction in 10 cycles during the cyclic triaxial test. The results are used to draw relationship between grading characteristics (e.g. coefficient of uniformity and coefficient of curvature) and the liquefaction resistance of various graded sands. It is found that a relationship between cyclic resistance and any of the size (i.e. D10, D30 or D60) would be more realistic than to build a relation between grading characteristics and the cyclic resistance. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.