The increasing life expectancy in our population makes Alzheimer's disease (AD) a growing public health problem. There is a great need to find a way to prevent and delay the disease. It was shown that monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) inhibitors and antiinflammatory agents might be effective in treating AD. Therefore, a novel series of 1-thiocarbamoyl-3-substituted phenyl-5(2-pyrrolyl)-4,5-dihydro-(1 H)-pyrazole derivatives as promising MAO-B inhibitors was synthesized and investigated for the ability to inhibit selectively the activity of the A and B isoforms of monoamine oxidase (MAO). Most of the synthesized compounds showed high activity against both the MAO-A (compounds 3e-3h) and the MAO-B (compounds 3i-3l) isoforms. All the synthesized Compounds were also tested for their in vivo antiinflarnmatory activity by two different bioassays namely, carrageenan-induced oedema and acetic acid-induced increase in capillary permeability in mice. In addition, analgesic and ulcerogenic activities were determined. The combined antiinflammatory data from in vivo animal models showed that compound 3k exhibited anti-inflammatory activity comparable to that of indomethacin with no ulcerogenic effects. Since compound 3k exhibits both antiinflammatory-analgesic activity and MAO-B inhibition, it needs further detailed studies. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.