A study of Turkish emotion classification with pretrained language models

Uçan A., Dörterler M., Akçapınar Sezer E.

Journal of Information Science, vol.48, no.6, pp.857-865, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0165551520985507
  • Journal Name: Journal of Information Science
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, FRANCIS, IBZ Online, Periodicals Index Online, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Analytical Abstracts, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, Index Islamicus, Information Science and Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Library and Information Science Abstracts, Library Literature and Information Science, Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts (LISTA), Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.857-865
  • Keywords: Emotion analysis, emotion extraction, fine-tuning, pretrained language model, Turkish language
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


© The Author(s) 2021.Emotion classification is a research field that aims to detect the emotions in a text using machine learning methods. In traditional machine learning (TML) methods, feature engineering processes cause the loss of some meaningful information, and classification performance is negatively affected. In addition, the success of modelling using deep learning (DL) approaches depends on the sample size. More samples are needed for Turkish due to the unique characteristics of the language. However, emotion classification data sets in Turkish are quite limited. In this study, the pretrained language model approach was used to create a stronger emotion classification model for Turkish. Well-known pretrained language models were fine-tuned for this purpose. The performances of these fine-tuned models for Turkish emotion classification were comprehensively compared with the performances of TML and DL methods in experimental studies. The proposed approach provides state-of-the-art performance for Turkish emotion classification.