Real-World Data on the Incidence of Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, and Mortality Among Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients in Türkiye: New Oral Anticoagulants-TURKey Study


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ÜNLÜ S., ALTAY S., Gedikli Ö., Özden Ö., CANPOLAT U., Aşkın L., ...More

Anatolian Journal of Cardiology, vol.28, no.1, pp.19-30, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/anatoljcardiol.2023.3389
  • Journal Name: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.19-30
  • Keywords: Anticoagulant agents, atrial fibrillation, death, ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is strongly associated with an increased risk of ischemic events. Anticoagulation focuses on reducing the risk of embolism. Guideline recommended CHA2DS2-VASc scoring system is most widely used; however, different scoring systems do exist. Thus, we sought to assess the impact of anticoagulant treatment and different scoring systems on the development of stroke, myocardial infarction, and all-cause mortality in patients with nonvalvular AF. Methods: The present study was designed as a prospective cohort study. The enrollment of the patients was conducted between August 1, 2015, and January 1, 2016. The followup period was defined as the time from enrollment to the end of April 1, 2017, which also provided at least 12 months of prospective follow-up for each patient. Results: A total of 1807 patients with AF were enrolled. During the follow-up, 2.7% (48) of patients had stroke, 0.8% (14) had myocardial infarction, and 7.5% (136) died. The anticoagulation and risk factors in AF (ATRIA) score had a better accuracy for the prediction of stroke compared to other scoring systems (0.729, 95% CI, 0.708-0.750, P < .05). Patients under low-dose rivaroxaban treatment had significantly worse survival (logrank P < .001). Age, CHA2DS2-VASc score, R2CHADS2 score, ATRIA score, chronic heart failure, prior stroke, and being under low-dose rivaroxaban treatment were independent predictors of clinical endpoint (P < .001). Conclusion: Low-dose rivaroxaban treatment was independently and strongly associated with the combined clinical endpoint. Furthermore, the ATRIA score proved to be a stronger predictor of stroke in the Turkish population.