The Relationship Between the Public and Private Spaces in Siverek Traditional Settlement

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Kalak M., Karasözen R.

Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning, vol.9, no.1, pp.381-403, 2021 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.15320/iconarp.2021.164
  • Journal Name: Iconarp International J. of Architecture and Planning
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.381-403
  • Keywords: Public space, private space, in betwen space, traditional housing, Siverek
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose Traditional houses are living spaces that the user shapes over time according to specific environmental factors and needs, which come together in a certain pattern forming some key parts of the traditional settlement texture. This pattern, which also reflects the local culture, is created by the relationships among the public, private, and intermediate spaces.The traditional Siverek architectural settlement is quite rich in such spaces. The main elements that form the urban pattern are the squaresand streets that form public spaces, the houses representing the private space, and the in-between spaces such as texture-specific dead-end streets and archways that bridge these two types of spaces. However, due to the uninformed and miscalculated interventions in the original texture, mistimed protection measures, and failure to produce solutions for preservation, these architectural gems are at risk of extinction. At this point, two problems have been identified. The first is the preservation of the historical fabric. Another problem is the incompatibility of the newly planned areas with the old texture and housing layout. The purposeof this study is to provide guidance for new planning by analyzing the spatial arrangement of the traditional Siverek settlement. Design/Methodology/Approach In this context, from public spaces to residential private spaces, the spaces and their spatial relationships in the Siverek settlement plan were examined in a hierarchical order. The interrelationships among the spatial elements specific to the original texture of Siverek were discussed, and their status regarding their functional and spatial features in the urban texture were explained.Findings As a result of the study, it is stated that the traditional settlement texture and architecture of Siverek should be documented and preserved. Furthermore, considering the fact that the physical and social components that shape the spatial elements of the traditional fabric remain valid today, the need to transfer spatial formations and spatial hierarchies between public and private spaces to new designs on the settlement scale and building scale was emphasized.Social/Practical Implications It willserve as a guide for consideration in future designs of the cityof Siverek, not by imitating traditional forms, but by analyzing spatial setup.Originality/Value This study is the first study on the public and private space relationship in Siverek.