Folk and fairy tales are like cultural gene maps for human communities. The codes of these genetic maps are transmitted from one generation to the next both orally and in black and white. Setting off from this metaphor, this article studies the evaluation of literary fairy tales in Eastern and Western cultures comparatively. It examines the process of transmission of literary fairy tale from one generation to another and questions the place of "Brothers Grimm" in this chain It brings to the fore the relationship of French fairy tale traditions and the stories of Perrault. It also discusses whether the Brothers Grimm are a turning point in folk and fairy tale research or whether they produced fakelore. Additionally, the literary fairy tale tradition of Eastern cultures and its weakening after the 19(th) century are examined.