Electric Vehicle Charge Stations Location Analysis and Determination-Ankara (Turkey) Case Study

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Harighi T., Padmanaban S., BAYINDIR R. , Hossain E., Holm-Nielsen J. B.

ENERGIES, vol.12, no.18, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 18
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/en12183472
  • Title of Journal : ENERGIES
  • Keywords: electric vehicles, charging station, transformer, Energy PLAN, grid, renewable energy, ENERGY, TRANSFORMERS, COORDINATION, INDICATOR


Locating electric vehicle charge stations has always been an important problem for electric distributers. Many basic and complex solutions have been provided by algorithms and methods to solve this problem in real and assumed grids. However, the data, which has been used in those algorithms, are not consistent with the diversity of locations, thus, do not meet the expected results. Grid locations are the most important aspects of this issue in the eyes of designers, investors, and the general public. Locating charge stations must be determined by plans which have influenced majority in the society. In some countries, power quality has been increased by storages, which are used in vehicle-to-grid (V2G) and similar operations. In this paper, all of the variables for locating charging stations are explained according to Ankara metropolitan. During the implemented analysis and literature reviews, an algorithm, based on location and grid priorities and infrastructures, are 154 kV and 33 kV, have been designed. Genetic algorithms have been used to demonstrate this method even though other algorithms can also be adopted to meet the priority.