Processing of boric acid from borax by a wet chemical method

Mergen A., Demirhan M., Bilen M.

ADVANCED POWDER TECHNOLOGY, vol.14, no.3, pp.279-293, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1163/15685520360685947
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.279-293
  • Keywords: boric acid, borax, crystallization, wet chemical method, rafination
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Boric acid crystals were obtained from borax (Na2B4O7 . 10H(2)O) solutions which were prepared from borax ore. The concentration of borax solutions was varied from 1120 to 1240 kg/m(3) and 1180 kg/m(3) was determined to be the optimum concentration value for boric acid production from a relation between borax solution concentration and boric acid production yield and boric acid purity. Boric acid production yield was around 91% for a borax solution of 1180 kg/m(3). Boric acid purity ranged from 94 to 97% for different concentrations before refining, and a high purity boric acid over 99.6% with low sulfate and sodium was obtained after refining. Boric acid crystals were characterized by X-ray diffraction, differential thermal and thermograrimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy observation.