This study, was conducted to investigate growth and the complications in the hospitalized pediatric patients receiving either enteral (n = 26) or parenteral (n = 15) nutrition. Anthropometric measures as well as the results of biochemical analyses and complete blood counts were recorded. Weight, height and weight for height were expressed in z scores: The improvement in z scores for the 26 children receiving enteral nutrition in weight for age (P = 0.001), height for age (P = 0.002) and weight for height (P = 0.008) were all statistically significant. There were also significant correlations between the changes in weight for age (r(2) = 0. 15, P = 0.0049) and height for age (r(2) 0.64 and P = 0.0001) z scores and the time for follow up. Corresponding z scores in the parenteral nutrition group were not statistically significant. This study indicated that enteral nutrition provides significant improvement not only in weight but also height of sick hospitalized pediatric patients.