Smartphone Addıctıon And Usage Habıt Of Secondary Educatıon Students In Turkey: Kahramanmaraş Sample


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Gazi University, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Kadir ŞİMŞEK

Supervisor: BEYHAN ZABUN

Abstract:

Smartphones are one of the most used electronic devices nowadays. Becoming an indispensable part of daily life, it can be said that smartphones have both positive and negative effects on users. From the times when smartphones first used till today, usage rate of smartphones has been increasing and this rate is expected to increase more in near future. Just as uncontrolled and excessive usage of smartphones affects every individual in society, it has also a role effecting the education life of secondary education students. This study has been done to describe smartphone addiction and usage habit of secondary education students. The study has been conducted in different school types (Science high school, Anatolian high school, İmam Hatip high school, Multi-Program high school etc.) in Dulkadiroğlu and Onikişubat central provinces of Kahramanmaraş city. The study was conducted by using cluster sampling method in 8 different school types having different qualifications. The scale was applied on 609 students studying 9 ,10, 11 and 12th grades in mentioned school types during 2018-2019 education year. ‘‘Smartphone Addiction Scale’’ was applied on high school students, and personal data was obtained by using ‘‘Personal Information Form’’ by researcher. For the analysis of obtained data SPSS 25.0 statistic program was used. According to the study result, smartphone addiction of students found to be medium level. It is ascertained that addiction level of girls are higher than boys. The lowest addiction level was found in Science high schools, and the highest level in Vocational and Technical Anatolian high school. It is determined that there is a negative directed relation between school success grades and smartphone addiction. It is found that students are using their smartphones and listening music in their free times. It is specified that students are using their smartphones most to use social networks. It is confirmed that the most used applications in smartphones by students are Whatsapp, Instagram and Youtube.