Resveratrol prevents high-fructose corn syrup-induced vascular insulin resistance and dysfunction in rats


Babacanoglu C., Yildirim N., Sadi G., Pektas M. B. , AKAR F.

FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY, cilt.60, ss.160-167, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 60
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.fct.2013.07.026
  • Dergi Adı: FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.160-167

Özet

Dietary intake of fructose and sucrose can cause development of metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. The consequences of high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), a commonly consumed form of fructose and glucose, have poorly been examined. Therefore, in this study, we investigated whether HFCS intake (10% and 20% beverages for 12 weeks) impacts vascular reactivity to insulin and endothelin-1 in conjunction with insulin receptor substrate-1(IRS-1), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible NOS (iNOS) mRNA/proteins levels in aorta of rats. At challenge, we tested the effectiveness of resveratrol (2830 mg/kg body weight/day) on outcomes of HFCS feeding. HFCS (20%) diet feeding increased plasma triglyceride, VLDL, cholesterol, insulin and glucose levels, but not body weights of rats. Impaired nitric oxide-mediated relaxation to insulin (10(-9) to 3 x 10(-6) M), and enhanced contraction to endothelin-1 (10(-11) to 10(-8) M) were associated with decreased expression of IRS-1 and eNOS mRNA and protein, but increased expression of iNOS, in aortas of rats fed with HFCS. Resveratrol supplementation restored many features of HFCS-induced disturbances, probably by regulating eNOS and iNOS production. In conclusion, dietary HFCS causes vascular insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction through attenuating IRS-1 and eNOS expressions as well as increasing iNOS in rats. Resveratrol has capability to recover HFCS-induced disturbances. Crown Copyright (C) 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.