Dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, acetone, methanol, and water extracts prepared from the fruits and leaves of Laurocerasus officinalis Roem. (LO) (Rosaceae) were screened for their cholinesterase inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), the key enzymes in pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), using ELISA microplate reader at 50,100. and 200 mu g mL(-1). As AD is associated with oxidative stress, the antioxidant activity of the extracts was also tested by radical-forming methods against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylendiamine (DMPD), and superoxide radicals as well as iron-related methods; iron-chelating capacity and ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays. Total phenol and flavonoid quantification was achieved using Folin-Ciocalteau and AlCl3 reagents. respectively. The highest AChE (44.01 +/- 1.75%) and BChE (19.91 +/- 0.37%) inhibition was caused by the LO-leaf-methanol extract 200 mu g mL(-1) while it showed the best radical-scavenging activity against DPPH at 2000 mu g mL(-1). Only, the dichloromethane and water extracts of the fruits and the leaf water extract had an iron-chelating capacity, while the leaf methanol extract displayed the highest FRAP. The leaf methanol extract (113.45 +/- 0.71 mg g(-1) extract) was found to be the richest in total phenols, while the leaf acetone extract (139.90 +/- 4.64 mg g(-1) extract) had the most abundant amount of total flavonoids. (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.