Productions and monomer compositions of exopolysaccharides by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus strains isolated from traditional home-made yoghurts and raw milk

Aslim B., Beyatli Y., Yüksekdağ Z.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.41, pp.973-979, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


In this study, a total of forty-five strains of lactobacilli and streptococci were determined exopolysaccharide (EPS) production in skim milk and Man Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS)/M17 medium, viscosity and proteolytic activity. The exopolysaccharide production by lactobacilli strains during growth in MRS medium was twenty-one to 211 mg L-1, while in skim milk was to thirty-six to 315 mg L-1. The EPS production by streptococci strains during growth in M17 medium was sixteen to 114 mg L-1, while in skim milk was to twenty-four to 140 mg L-1. The EPS production of strains was lower in MRS/M17 medium than skim milk. Results showed that it was not clear correlation between the viscosity and EPS production of some strains. All strains were shown proteolytic activity. Positive correlations between exopolysaccharide production and proteolytic activity in skim milk were found some strains of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus. These results indicated that the high exocellular protease-producing strains can produce high EPS in skim milk. The monomer compositions of the EPSs formed by selected five strains were analysed. Mannose dominated (99-100%) on the EPS produced by L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and S. thermophilusstrains (except L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus 22) in skim milk and MRS/M17 medium. Besides, the EPSs of strains in skim milk contained small amount of lactose.