Effectiveness of teaching story-writing strategy to students with intellectual disabilities and their non-disabled peers


Guler Bulbul O., ÖZMEN E. R.

JOURNAL OF INTELLECTUAL & DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/13668250.2019.1698286
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF INTELLECTUAL & DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, CINAHL, EBSCO Education Source, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Sociological abstracts

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to be the first to assess the effectiveness of teaching a particular peer revision strategy (POW + WWW, What = 2, How = 2 + RPRS), on the story-writing abilities of students with intellectual disabilities (ID) and their non-disabled peers. Method: A multiple-probe technique was used. Participants included three students with mild ID and 61 non-disabled peers enrolled in inclusive classrooms. The instruction for all subjects occurred in the classroom. Maintenance probes were conducted for 3-19 weeks after the study. Results: The length, elements, and quality of all participants' stories improved. Students maintained the skills acquired and transferred them to personal narrative-writing. Participants' feedback confirmed that they found the strategy effective. Conclusion: The strategies improved the writing skills of both students with ID and their non-disabled peers. This significant finding indicated that students with ID can benefit from strategy instruction for skillsets with complex cognitive processes, such as writing.